Click on the images to enlarge them.

1761 Innholder list for Weston

1761 list of licensed Innholders in Weston.

JST 1st story floorplan

Floorplan of the first story of the Josiah Smith Tavern. The original building footprint is highlighted in blue.

Stagecoach routes out of Boston

Most important stagecoach routes originating in Boston. Weston was a stop along the main route, between Boston and Worcester.

JST in oval frame

Earliest known photograph of the building, showing vehicle openings in the connector.

T Jones, Carriage Trimmer

The historic mid-18th century tavern was purchased in 1842 by John and Marshall Jones. John’s son, Theodore, painted and trimmed carriages in the barn. Theodore married George W. Cutting's sister Sarah, and their two unmarried daughters, Alice and Ellen, were well known in town.

Jones family on the porch

The Jones family and neighbors relax on the porch of the Jones House (Josiah Smith Tavern) in the late 19th century. (L-R, Emma Cutting, Ellen M. Jones, Harriet F. Stimpson, John Jones Jr., Theodore Jones, and Alice E. Jones.)

1952 view of JST before front porch was removed

1952 photograph of the Josiah Smith Tavern before the front porch was removed.

Elevation of JST from the side

Harold B. Willis's 1952 elevation drawing depicting the building with only the front porch removed.

Jones House Sign

Pictured at a Weston Historical Society open house in 1964 are (l-r) Mrs. Edmund Ritter, Mrs. Henry W. Patterson, Mrs. James Fraser, Harold G. Travis, and Mrs. F. Leslie Ford.

The Josiah Smith Tavern

The Smith Family (1756-1828)

Josiah Smith (1722-1782) purchased the land in 1756 and constructed the tavern in 1757. Smith was a prominent resident of Weston who served as Justice of the Peace, Town Clerk, Selectman (1766-1779), Delegate to the Provincial Congress in Concord (1775), and Representative (1779 and 1781).

His son Joel (1749-1817) succeeded him as innkeeper about 1775 and also taught school in Weston for a number of years. Joel was a leading “Liberty Man” during the Revolutionary War period.

Joel’s daughter Nancy married George Washington Pierce. He succeeded as landlord when Joel died in 1817.

The Original Building

The original section of the Josiah Smith Tavern was a two-story building, five bays wide, with a center entrance and large center chimney.

We know from the valuation records compiled for the Direct Tax of 1798 that, at that time, the building had a footprint of 1248 square feet and had 28 windows with 233 square feet of window glass. At that time it was valued at $1200, which was close to the highest tax valuation in the town.

According to a report in the files of Historic New England (formerly SPNEA), both the first and second floors had four rooms clustered around the center chimney. The original sash was 6/9.

The Boston Post Road

The Boston Post Road was the most important transportation corridor from Boston west to Worcester and then south to Hartford, New York, Philadelphia, and Washington. The era of stagecoach travel began in 1772, when regular passenger service was initiated between New York and Boston. The uncomfortable journey took up to a week. Stages stopped at taverns to exchange horses and allow travelers a frugal supper and a few hours of sleep before setting off in the early hours of the morning.

In his History of the Town of Weston, Col. Daniel Lamson describes the jovial social life, drinking, and card playing popular until the temperance movement and anti-card playing crusades began to have an impact in the early 19th century.

Traffic on the Boston Post Road declined with the construction of the Framingham Turnpike (now Route 9) in 1810, the opening of other coach routes to New York, and the development of railroads beginning in the 1840s.

Addition of the Ballroom, Barn, and Connector

Around 1805, the tavern was enlarged with the addition of a parlor, taproom, and kitchen on the first floor and a ballroom measuring 20' by 45' above. Two more chimneys were added. Most of the windows in the addition have 8/12 sash. The woodwork is Federal in style, in contrast to the Georgian paneling on the fireplace walls in the original portion of the tavern.

The exact construction date of the barn and connector has not been determined. Originally, the connector, also called the breezeway, had two large arched doorways.

Closing of the Tavern (1838)

In 1828, the tavern was purchased by “Col.” Russell Wood of Taunton. The acting landlord was John P. Macomber.

In 1838, Colonel Wood sold the property to Josiah Warren, and the tavern business closed. Between 1840 and 1847, when the first Town Hall was built across the street, Town Meetings were held in the second floor ballroom. At times, this room was also used for a private school and for social gatherings.

The Jones Family (1842-1950)

In 1842, Josiah Warren sold the tavern to Marshall and John Jones. The brothers owned a prosperous paint and harness-making business down the street and were men of considerable wealth.

John’s son Theodore married Sarah Cutting, sister of George W. Cutting, who ran the general store across the street. Theodore advertised himself in early town directories as a carriage painter and trimmer. Late 19th century photographs show his sign prominently displayed on the barn.

Theodore and Sarah's two daughters, Alice and Ellen, (photos, Alice and Ellen Jones) never married and lived in the house until their deaths in 1947 and 1950 respectively. The two sisters were well known in town. According to Brenton H. Dickson III in Once Upon a Pung, Miss Ellen was quiet and shy and wore dark spectacles that made her look more severe than she really was, while Miss Alice was small, lively, and extroverted. Alice was involved in nearly ever civic and social event in town, and, according to Dickson, “those. . . who didn’t know her could be counted on the fingers on one hand.”

Miss Ellen Jones Miss Alice Jones

Miss Ellen Jones

Miss Alice Jones

The Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities S.P.N.E.A. (1950-1983)

The Jones sisters left the house, its contents, and a small endowment to the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities (now Historic New England.)

Architectural Changes (1952)

The front façade was changed in 1952, when SPNEA restored the property with financial assistance and input from the town.

Weston resident and architect Harold B. Willis prepared two sets of elevations to show what it would look like to remove all or part of the front porch. The decision was made to remove only that portion in front of the original five bays.

The porch was removed from the original five-bay section. Exterior window frames on the first floor windows in two front rooms were lined up to correspond to those above. The window sash corresponds with the earliest mid-eighteenth century sash in the western elevation, although a change was made in the exterior frames. Simple lintels were added over the four first floor windows. Other changes were made in an attempt to return the early part of the building to its original appearance.

The “Jones House” 1950s to 1980s

The Town of Weston leased the building from SPNEA and used it for meetings, space for organizations like the Weston Historical Committee and Women’s Community League, and, until recent years, as the location of the Park and Cemetery office. The League undertook a major refurbishing and expansion of the barn in the 1970s and their Clothing Exchange is housed in the connector. The Weston Historical Society has occupied rooms in the building since its founding in 1964.

Sale to the Town of Weston (1983)

In 1983, S.P. N.E.A. (now Historic New England) sold the former tavern to the Town of Weston with preservation restrictions designed to preserve the important architectural elements of the building and to preserve its contribution to the Weston town center. The terms of the restrictions run with the land for 500 years.

The restrictions include the following:

Exterior Restoration, 2007

Using funds from the Community Preservation Act, restoration of the exterior of the Josiah Smith Tavern has been completed. The work included replacing rotted wood clapboards, sills, and trim; restoring window sash; re-roofing with wood shingles; replacing shutters; and repainting.

The color combination of off-white with dark green window sash, shutters, and doors, was chosen because the building we see today, with its various additions and appendages, probably reached its present configuration in the 19th century, when white with green trim became the favored color scheme for Colonial buildings. All available photographs show the building as white with dark (black or dark green) sash and shutters.

The Next Step

Discussion is ongoing.